Peripheral Ring Road (PRR), once completed, will help spur real estate expansion across the city. It will connect numerous key locations like Bellary Road, Old Madras Road, and Sarajapura Road which have all seen rapid real estate development.
Given the increasing traffic demands and with Kempegowda International Airport driving car traffic here, policymakers have reignited interest in this project.
The Outer Ring Road
The Outer Ring Road project in Bangalore is one of its key infrastructure efforts, and after much debate and planning it has finally become underway.
This project will aid in alleviating traffic in Yelahanka area, especially heavy vehicles from Tumkur Road, Electronic City and KR Puram. Furthermore, this ring road will reduce car travel into Kempegowda International Airport saving both time and fuel.
Real estate market watchers anticipate this road will also bring real benefits, with businesses being attracted and employment opportunities enhanced. Environmentalists have raised concerns over its effect on the environment; according to estimates, 33,000 trees may need to be cut down for its construction, along with six water bodies and Jarakabandekaval’s forest land being affected – but the government has promised compensation for affected farmers.
The NICE Road
As its name implies, NICE Road is an integral component of city’s commercial and residential sectors; however, due to ongoing construction works on this route it often sees heavy traffic congestion. Unfortunately for commuters using this road often get stuck in long traffic jams on this stretch of highway.
The NICE Road is an 8-lane roadway between Tumakuru Road and Hosur Road that features four railway overbridges and three underbridges to address traffic congestion issues. An integral component of Peripheral Ring Road, this roadway should help alleviate traffic problems.
It will pass through 67 villages in 9 Hobli, such as Madanayakannahalli, Hanumantasagara, Kudaragere and Chikkabanavara in Dasnapur Hobli; Soldevanahalli in Yeshwanthpur Hobli; Ramagondanahalli Kavallipura and Kalathammanahalli located within Kempegowda Hobli.
Noteworthy is the fact that the NICE road crosses two important bird conservation reserves – Puttenahalli Bird Conservation Reserve and Bannerghatta National Park -, and will impact Indian peafowl habitat. As a result, many citizens oppose this project; however, the Supreme Court recently cleared land acquisition for this road construction to commence shortly.
The Inner Ring Road
As its name implies, this road aims to circumnavigate the city center. Unlike its narrower predecessors, NICE and Outer Ring roads, this one features eight lanes with an eight-lane median for mass transit systems.
The Inner Ring Road will reduce travel times and provide easier access to city centers, as well as allow for the development of more commercial and residential areas within these centers.
As well as improving real estate markets in Bangalore, this project will also have positive impacts on its environment. However, this road’s construction has drawn severe criticism due to its environmental impacts; for instance it will pass through Thippagondanahalli catchment area and impact five lakes as well as providing inaccurate information regarding tree cutting activities.
The BDA has attempted to resolve the situation by decreasing the amount of land being acquired for their project; however, this has failed to appease activists, who insist upon compensation even if their land is denotified from acquisition.
The Outer Ring Road
The Outer Ring Road was developed as an important means of connecting Bengaluru’s outskirts, enabling logistic vehicles and any type of transportation vehicle to move between ends without disrupting main city areas.
This road encircles Bangalore city for a total distance of 74 km, boasting six lanes with 100-meter right of way and four service roads on each side to provide mobility and access to habitats. Furthermore, five flyovers and four underpasses will also be present along the route.
European cities often boast ring roads that encircle or bypass their metropolitan areas entirely. These highways may bear local nicknames such as Washington DC’s Interstate 495 (The Capital Beltway), Paris’ A104 autoroute (“La Francilienne”, and Frankfurt’s Boulevard Peripherique; these highways can often prove challenging to navigate due to multiple exits and junctions.
The Inner Ring Road – North
The Inner Ring in peripheral ring road bangalore is an ambitious north-south ring road constructed to improve traffic flow in the city and boost economic development. Constructed through conversion and widening existing streets, its path stretches from Carrick Hill to Frederick Street before heading east past Custom House Square along Oxford Street before turning west onto Dunbar Link before ending at Shearer Street near the city center.
This study employs spatial analysis methods to examine how an inner ring road implementation alters the location pattern of shops within six different towns and cities. Space syntax was utilized as the method of comparison for this evaluation; thus allowing an exact comparison between pre and post scenarios.
Due to copyright rules, it was impractical to obtain 1:10000 maps of UK towns and cities studied prior to World War II; however, archive data enabled spatial analyses on how ring roads affected town/city centre traffic flows.
The Inner Ring Road – South
Inner ring roads are urban highways designed to bypass city centres. Their purpose is to ease traffic problems in areas outside central areas, including major business and residential districts, while offering convenient travel between outer and inner ring roads for commuters.
Additionally, the inner ring road will feature grade separated junctions to reduce conflict at these spots between traffic entering or leaving the Central Area and Inner Ring Road users.
However, many citizens have raised objections to plans for the ring road and argue it will cause irreparable environmental damage. They point out how it will cut through six lakes and the Thippagondanahalli catchment area – directly impacting where Indian peafowl live.
Even with these objections, the BDA remains committed to pushing their project forward. In order to do this, they will need innovative financial models which enable the construction of the ring road as well as gathering accurate information regarding street-level businesses prior to beginning construction – this information may be found in old street directories or historic maps.
The Inner Ring Road – East
The Peripheral Ring Road will help reduce traffic stress on the city’s inner and outer ring roads while simultaneously spurring real estate development in the area. Furthermore, this project should attract aerospace SEZs as well as warehouse and logistics firms.
The corridor will be larger than both Outer Ring Road and NICE, featuring eight lanes with wide medians to facilitate future mass transportation systems such as metro. Furthermore, utility corridors, cycle paths and pedestrian pavements will also be included; five flyovers and four underpasses will complete its network.
Land acquisition issues had delayed this project for 18 years, but state government interest has recently revived. Deputy Chief Minister D K Shivakumar instructed Bangalore Development Authority (BDA) to explore innovative financial models to revive it, with tenders now set to open again by BDA. When completed, this road will link Tumkur Road with Hosur Road, Bellary Road and Old Madras Road as well as Hennur and Anekal as well as providing access to Sarjapura, Varthur Whitefield Airport as well.
The Inner Ring Road – West
The Inner Ring Road is an elevated expressway featuring six lanes for main roads and four lanes for service roads, connecting major neighborhoods and suburbs such as Hebbala, HSR Layout, Madiwala Banashankari BTM Layout JP Nagar Bangalore University Karnataka State Homeopathy College Kengeri Satellite Town. Additionally it has a wide median that accommodates mass transit systems such as metro.
Cities often feature ring roads, and many of them have local nicknames – Interstate 495 in Washington DC is popularly referred to as “The Capital Beltway”, while Glasgow Inner Ring Road can sometimes be heard referred to as “City Centre ring”.
This project first received consideration in 1945 as a component of an initiative to ensure Glasgow had a prosperous future, but eventually fell victim to declining public support and changing attitudes toward urban planning in the 1980s. Of the completed sections only north and west flanks still serve as major arteries between city centre and airport.